Serum Uric acid is correlated with HbA1c levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus
Correlation between uric acid and HbA1c
Aims: Uric acid is the product of purine metabolism and elevated serum uric acid levels are associated with many metabolic conditions. In present retrospective analysis, we aimed to compare serum uric acid levels of well controlled type 2 diabetic subjects to those of poorly controlled type 2 DM patients.
Methods: Medical database of type 2 diabetic subjects whom admitted to outpatient clinics of our institution, between January 2017 and August 2017, were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with a HbA1c level lower than 7,5% were classified as well controlled and others were classified as poorly controlled type 2 DM group. Uric acid levels of the groups were compared.
Results: Serum uric acid level of well controlled and poorly controlled diabetics were 4.1 (2,8-5,9) mg/dl and 5,9 (4-9,6) mg/dl, respectively. The difference was statistically significant (p<0.001). A Pearson’s correlation test was revealed that serum uric acid was strongly and positively correlated with HbA1c (r=0.81, p<0.001).
Conclusion: Serum uric acid levels worsen in poorly controlled type 2 diabetic subjects. Since HbA1c levels reflects changes in 3 months period, variations in serum uric acid levels could be used as a predictor of diabetic control level in shorter time periods.
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