Serum uric acid level is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus and diabetic regulation
Aim: Serum uric acid is a risk factor for cardiovascular and renal diseases. The role of uric acid as a renal and cardiac risk factor is more prominent in subjects with diabetes mellitus and hypertension. In present retrospective analyze, we aimed to compare serum uric acid levels of subjects with well and poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and healthy population.
Methods: Patients with T2DM, who admitted to outpatient clinics of our institution between April 2017 and January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Diabetic subjects grouped into well or poorly regulated T2DM groups according to the HbA1c level (patients with an HbA1c lower than 7% were grouped as well regulated while others grouped as poorly regulated T2DM). Control subjects were healthy individuals whom asked for a routine check-up in our institution. Clinical and laboratory parameters of the study groups compared.
Results: Serum uric acid levels of well-controlled T2DM, poorly controlled T2DM and control groups were 5.9±1, 6.7±1.8 and 4.3±1 mg/dL, respectively (p<0.001). Post Hoc analysis revealed that uric acid levels of well controlled diabetics were significantly lower than the uric acid levels of poorly controlled diabetics (p=0.04) and significantly higher than that of the control subjects (p<0.001).
Conclusion: We suggest that elevated uric acid indicates a cellular level of damage and can be used as a prognostic indicator of pre-diabetes and T2DM.
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