Investigation of the presence of pregnancy rhinitis in the third trimester with rhinomanometry

  • Rustem Filiz Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4778-3498
  • Ahmet Ural Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6088-1415
  • Mehmet Ata Topcuoglu Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8929-6973
  • Muharrem Dagli Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Health Sciences University, Ankara Dişkapi Yıldırım Beyazıt Health Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2099-9395
Keywords: Pregnancy rhinitis, subjective nasal obstruction score, anterior rhinoscopy, pregnancy rhinitis, anterior rhinomanometry

Abstract

Aim: Pregnancy rhinitis (PR) is characterized with nasal symptoms during pregnancy without any signs of respiratory infection and it usually disappears within 2 weeks after delivery. We aimed to investigate the relationship between pregnancy rhinitis and findings derived from anterior rhinoscopy (AnR), anterior rhinomanometry (ARM) and subjective nasal obstruction score (SNOS).

Methods: This prospective, controlled study was performed in otorhinolaryngology and obstetrics and gynecology departments of our tertiary care center. A total of 30 pregnant women in the third trimester and 30 non-pregnant women were involved. All participants underwent otorhinolaryngology examination, as well as clinical evaluation for AnR, ARM and SNOS.

Results: Pregnancy rhinitis was detected in 66.7% of the pregnant women. The mean AnR was 3.60 ± 1.35 in pregnant women and 0.77 ± 0.73 in the control group. Total nasal inspiratory resistance (TNID) was 0.46±0.23 in pregnant women and 0.27±0.06 in the control group. The mean SNOS was 1.37±0.72 in pregnant women and 0.57±0.63 in the control group. AnR, ARM and SNOS findings were significantly higher in pregnant women (p<0.05). There is a low positive and significant correlation between AnR, ARM, and SNOS values in pregnant women (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Our data yielded that nasal obstruction and pregnancy rhinitis were common in pregnant women.  Nasal symptoms and complaints must be carefully examined during pregnancy. Further prospective, controlled, randomized trials on larger series are warranted to elucidate the clinical and pathophysiological features of pregnancy rhinitis.

Published
2020-12-28
How to Cite
Filiz, R., Ural, A., Topcuoglu, M., & Dagli, M. (2020, December 28). Investigation of the presence of pregnancy rhinitis in the third trimester with rhinomanometry. EXPERIMENTAL BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH, 4(1), 65-71. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.30714/j-ebr.2021165783