Ultrastructural examination of left internal mammary artery under electron microscopy in patients with chronic kidney disease who underwent coronary bypass surgery
Aim: To investigate the vascular damage of internal mammary artery graft with electron microscope secondary to chronic renal failure transmission in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting surgery.
Method: A total of 30 patients (10 patients with chronic renal failure and 20 patients without chronic renal failure) who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery were included in this prospective study. Left internal mammary artery graft was harvested as conventional fashion with no touch technique. Samples were prepared and then examined with the transmission electron microscope. Every arterial sample was individually examined ultrastructurally, and the changes were recorded. Then the samples of the control group and chronic renal failure group were compared.
Results: There were no significant differences between chronic renal failure group and the control group in terms of demographics, comorbidities, intraoperative data and postoperative outcomes, and the groups were statistically similar (p<0.05). Moreover, no statistically significance was detected in terms of structure and ultrastructure between the groups.
Conclusion: The results of our study revealed that no ultrastructural changes were observed in the structure of IMA, suggesting that this graft would provide a good graft patency.
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