Surgical treatment with rhomboid excision and Limberg flap technique under spinal anesthesia of 23 young with pilonidal sinus disease

  • Hulya Ozturk Abant Izzet Baysal University, Medical School, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Bolu
  • Hamit Yoldas
  • Ibrahim Karagoz
Keywords: Pilonidal sinus, young, Limberg flap, spinal anesthesia, complications


Aim: To present the experience of treatment with Limberg flap procedure under spinal anesthesia in 23 young patients with pilonidal sinus disease.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of 23 young patients who underwent surgery for pilonidal sinus disease under spinal anesthesia between January 2011 and November 2017 in the Division of Pediatric Surgery. All patients were evaluated for age, sex, clinical diagnosis, and body mass index, and infection, duration of symptoms, treatment, healing time, recurrences, complications and results. 

Results: Of the 23 patients, 4 (17%) were male, and 19 (83%) were female. The mean age of the patients was 15.21 ± 2.8 years and the mean symptom duration was 4 ± 2.6 months. In 13 patients (56.5%), there was one or more sagittal lines in the midline and the mean sinus number of the patients was 2.12 ± 0.60. Pain was the most important complaint affecting the quality of life of the patient. The mean body mass index was 26.33 ± 2.54 kg / m2, and 47.8% (n = 11) were high BMI and 53.2% were normal BMI. One patient had temporary headache and one patient had urinary retention. Wound infection occurred in 2 patients (8.6%). Recurrence was not observed in patients.  Conclusion: In this study, pilonidal sinus disease was treated with Limberg flap procedure under spinal anesthesia. The combination of these two applications in patients with pilonidal sinus may provide significant advantages, such as rapid recovery and short hospital stay, early return to daily activities, low complications, and recurrence rates.